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Roma Research

About the project

The "Dissemination of Rroma Research" project aims at creating a comprehensive image of the research carried out in Romania on the Rroma and disseminating the information obtained to all organisations interested in the subject: Rroma organisations, government ministries, central agencies, municipal and regional governments, donors, public at large. The project has been carried out between January 15 and March 15, 2001 by the Institute for Quality of Life from Bucharest.

Project outputs:

  • a database containing all substantial studies, reports and opinion polls that have been conducted about the Rroma in Romania
    Browse the database

  • a research report comprising an analsysis of the studies that have been done on roma subject
    Download the report (Acrobat format)


Rroma research

The research concerning the ethnical groups has included little less about the Rroma. A number of high quality and fairly systematic studies were carried out in the thirties by Ion Chelcea, a well-known sociologist. After the second war, the Rroma population research was generally ignored with few but notable exception.

During the past few years the interest showed to this group has increased. After 1990 a number of important studies and research reports was published.

The most important approaches in Rroma research are:

  1. The socio-economical perspective;
  2. The perspective of relationship with the authorities and public services;
  3. The identity perspective

The socio-economical perspective is based on the assumption that Rroma people problems are related to the poverty and the difficulty to ensure decent living conditions. The explanatory factors include: the level of revenues, the professional qualification, the participation on the labour market, the educational level and the living conditions.

The perspective of relationship with the authorities and public services is another approach present in research. This approach is raising aspects related to an institutionalised discrimination of the Rroma, in the relation with public authorities and services. On the background of negative prejudice and stereotypes, discriminatory behaviours are developed. This would lead to a limitation of the access of Rroma to various types of services (health, education and professional formation).

The identity perspective assumes that the Rroma people carry a whole history behind, a set of traditions that constitute their specificity. The ethnic support is considered as central in problem determination and solution identification, adapted to the Rroma way of living. In this sense, the cultivation of the Rromani language and the preservation of the Rroma culture represent important aspects.


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