About the project
The "Dissemination of Rroma Research" project aims at creating a
comprehensive image of the research carried out in Romania on the Rroma
and disseminating the information obtained to all organisations interested
in the subject: Rroma organisations, government ministries, central
agencies, municipal and regional governments, donors, public at large.
The project has been carried out between January 15 and March 15, 2001
by the Institute for Quality of Life
- a database containing all substantial studies, reports and opinion
polls that have been conducted about the Rroma in Romania
Browse the database
- a research report comprising an analsysis of the studies that have
been done on roma subject
Download the report (Acrobat format)
The research concerning the ethnical groups has included little less
about the Rroma. A number of high quality and fairly systematic studies
were carried out in the thirties by Ion Chelcea, a well-known sociologist.
After the second war, the Rroma population research was generally ignored
with few but notable exception.
During the past few years the interest showed to this group has increased.
After 1990 a number of important studies and research reports was published.
The most important approaches in Rroma research are:
- The socio-economical perspective;
- The perspective of relationship with the authorities and public
- The identity perspective
The socio-economical perspective is based on the assumption that Rroma
people problems are related to the poverty and the difficulty to ensure
decent living conditions. The explanatory factors include: the level
of revenues, the professional qualification, the participation on the
labour market, the educational level and the living conditions.
The perspective of relationship with the authorities and public services
is another approach present in research. This approach is raising aspects
related to an institutionalised discrimination of the Rroma, in the
relation with public authorities and services. On the background of
negative prejudice and stereotypes, discriminatory behaviours are developed.
This would lead to a limitation of the access of Rroma to various types
of services (health, education and professional formation).
The identity perspective assumes that the Rroma people carry a whole
history behind, a set of traditions that constitute their specificity.
The ethnic support is considered as central in problem determination
and solution identification, adapted to the Rroma way of living. In
this sense, the cultivation of the Rromani language and the preservation
of the Rroma culture represent important aspects.